Under current regulations, resource conservation measures include
Total Allowable Catch (TAC)
They limit the maximum amount of fish that can be caught from each specific stock in a given period of time. The quotas available for Portugal and the activity conditions established by the Regional Fisheries Organizations are covered, in each year, in European Union regulations.
- For 2021, it is the Regulation (EU) No 2021/92, of 28 January, which establishes, for certain fish populations or groups of fish populations, the fishing opportunities and associated conditions applicable in Union waters and, for Union fishing vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required. In addition to quotas, this regulation incorporates certain technical measures.
- Regulation (EU) No 2021/91, of 28 January, which sets the Total Allowable Catches for 2021 and 2022, the fishing possibilities for deep-sea species.
Technical measures for the conservation of fishery resources and protection of marine ecosystems
Regulation (EU) No 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 systematized management measures and repealed several other regulations, including the basic regulation for technical measures (Regulation (EC) No 850/98).
In order to implement the landing obligation, the current measures were simplified, without substantive changes to the current rules, and the framework for the protection of marine ecosystems and the promotion of selectivity of the arts was improved. Supplementary measures can be approved through simplified Delegated Acts procedures.
The regional approach of this regulation made it possible to accommodate the specificities of resources and fisheries in the various European areas, and those relating to the Portuguese mainland are listed in Annex VII. Most of the current measures are maintained, including the minimum landing sizes, which are now designated the minimum conservation reference sizes, while the minimum sizes established in Portugal also remain in force when more restrictive than European legislation.
In addition, the boxes in the Azores and Madeira are also maintained, for the protection of sensitive ecosystems, as well as the Norway lobster box of Sines and hake in Arrifana.
With regard to the protection of ecosystems, the possibility of implementing national measures that can be extended to other Member States through delegated acts is foreseen, in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013
Regulation (EU) No 2016/2336, which regulates the fishing of deep-sea species, contributes to ensuring the long-term conservation of these stocks, as well as preventing significant adverse effects on vulnerable marine ecosystems.With the publication of Ordinance No 10/2021, of 8 January, the regime applicable to fishing authorizations for deep-sea species, listed in Annex I of the aforementioned Regulation, was established.
In terms of resource management, the following European Union regulations should also be mentioned
Regulation (EC) No 1185/2003, of 26 June, amended by Regulation (EU) No 605/2013, of 12 June, which prohibits the removal of shark fins on board of vessels, and authorizes the fins to be partially cut and folded against the carcass to facilitate storage on board.
Regulation (EC) No 520/2007, of 7 May 2007, which establishes technical conservation measures for various stocks of large migrants.