Breadcrumbs

 

Under current regulations, resource conservation measures include

Total Allowable Catch (TAC)

They limit the maximum amount of fish that can be caught from each specific stock in a given period of time. The quotas available for Portugal and the activity conditions established by the Regional Fisheries Organizations are covered, in each year, in European Union regulations.

  • For 2020, it is the Regulation (EU) No 2020/123, of 27 January, which establishes, for certain fish populations or groups of fish populations, the fishing opportunities and associated conditions applicable in Union waters and, for Union fishing vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required. In addition to quotas, this regulation incorporates certain technical measures.
  • Regulation (EU) No 2018/2025, of 17 December, which sets the Total Allowable Catches for 2019 and 2020, the fishing possibilities for deep-sea species.

Technical measures for the conservation of fishery resources and protection of marine ecosystems

Regulation (EU) No 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 systematized management measures and repealed several other regulations, including the basic regulation for technical measures (Regulation (EC) No 850/98).

In order to implement the discharge obligation, the current measures were simplified, without substantive changes to the current rules, and the framework for the protection of marine ecosystems and the promotion of selectivity of the arts was improved. Supplementary measures can be approved through simplified Delegated Acts procedures.

With regard to the protection of ecosystems, the possibility of implementing national measures that can be extended to other Member States through delegated acts is foreseen, in accordance with Regulation (EU) No. 1380/2013.

The prohibition of fishing in real time is also regulated and the derogation that allows the discharge of up to 10% of undersized pelagic species in non-separate lots is maintained.

The regional approach of this regulation made it possible to accommodate the specificities of resources and fisheries in the various European areas, and those relating to the Portuguese mainland are listed in Annex VII. Most of the current measures are maintained, including the minimum landing sizes, which are now designated the minimum conservation reference sizes, while the minimum sizes established in Portugal also remain in force when more restrictive than European legislation.

In addition, the boxes in the Azores and Madeira are also maintained, for the protection of sensitive ecosystems, as well as the Norway lobster box of Sines and hake in Arrifana and the possibility of using gillnets and trammel nets at depths up to 600 m, provided that deep-sea shark catches do not exceed 10 tonnes.

With regard to the protection of ecosystems, the possibility of implementing national measures that can be extended to other Member States through delegated acts is foreseen, in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

The prohibition of fishing in real time is also regulated and the derogation that allows the discharge of up to 10% of undersized pelagic species in non-separate lots is maintained.

Regulation (EU) No 2016/2336, which regulates the fishing of deep-sea species, contributes to ensuring the long-term conservation of these stocks, as well as preventing significant adverse effects on vulnerable marine ecosystems.

In order to combat overfishing and ensure the sustainability of stocks in the long term, it is insufficient to control the number of vessels fishing in Union waters, which is why the rules in force after the 2002 reform provide, in addition to strict rules on fleet management, the adoption of multiannual recovery plans to improve stocks that are below safe biological limits and multiannual management plans for other stocks.
 
With an emphasis on resources of interest to Portugal, the Bluefin Tuna Recovery Plan established by Regulation (EC) No 302/2009, of 6 April, amended by Regulation (EU) No 500/2012, of 13 June. The Palmeta Recovery Plan established by Regulation (EC) No 2115/2005, of 20 December and the multiannual plan for demersal stocks caught in western waters, Regulation (EU) No 2019/472, of 19 March.
 
In order to carry out the Common Fisheries Policy, control mechanisms have been created, currently foreseen in Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009, of 20 November, and certain obligations have been imposed, which have been compiled in a single regulation, the Implementing Regulation (EU) No 404/2011, of the Commission, of 8 April, which includes many control provisions (signalling of fishing gear, filling in Fishing Diaries, provisions on fishing licenses and authorizations, rules for marking and identifying passive fishing gear and beam trawls).

 

In terms of resource management, the following European Union regulations should also be mentioned

Council Regulation (EC) No 1954/2003, of 4 November, and Regulation (EC) No 1415/2004, of 19 June, which fixes the maximum annual fishing effort for certain fishing areas and fisheries, containing specific provisions that make it possible to limit access to national waters by the Community fleet.
 
Council Regulation (EC) No 1967/2006, of 21 December, which establishes management measures for the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in the Mediterranean Sea.

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2003, of 26 June, amended by Regulation (EU) No 605/2013, of 12 June, which prohibits the removal of shark fins on board of vessels, and authorizes the fins to be partially cut and folded against the carcass to facilitate storage on board.

Regulation (EC) No 520/2007, of 7 May 2007, which establishes technical conservation measures for various stocks of large migrants.