Fishing Activity in Third Countries Waters
The licensing of Portuguese vessels for fishing in EEZs of third countries is essentially based on the use of the fishing opportunities available for Portugal under the fisheries agreements concluded between the European Union and third countries.
Norway and Svalbard
The presence of the national fleet in Norwegian waters comes from the entry into force of the European Economic Area and not from the EC / Norway bilateral fisheries agreement. This means that, at present, the Portuguese cod quotas, in both the Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and in Svalbard, are established on the basis of the TAC for Arctic cod fixed annually between Norway and the Russian Federation.
In the Svalbard archipelago, although situated in international waters, a special protection zone has been established and Norway has the duty to establish conservation and management measures for the fishery resources in that area. However, access to fishing in Svalbard is allowed by Member States of the Treaty of Paris of 1920, although subject to compliance with the rules adopted by Norwegian legislation.
Given that Portugal does not have its own fishing quotas under the Fisheries Agreement, it is only possible to obtain quotas in this EEZ by exchanging quotas with other Member States that are beneficiaries of this Agreement.
Atlantic, Indian and South Pacific
On the African coast, Portugal has fishing opportunities in several EEZs, which are used by some high seas vessels, but mainly by vessels of the coastal fleet with authorization to extend the area of activity.
The current Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the EU and Morocco entered into force on 28 February 2007 for a period of four years with tacit renewals of 4 years. The current protocol was signed on November 18, 2013, coming into force on July 15, 2014, after the completion of the internal ratification procedures by Morocco.
New EU / Mauritania Fisheries Protocol was signed on 26 July 2012 under which Portugal has fishing opportunities for crustaceans. Trawling fishing of crustaceans is also possible under the fisheries agreement negotiated with Guinea-Bissau.
A significant part of the surface longliners fleet accesses third country waters in the South Atlantic, under the fisheries agreements concluded by the European Union, notably with Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe and the Ivory Coast, and in the Indian Ocean Agreements with Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoros, Mauritius and Mozambique (under negotiation).
These agreements, which are essentially tuna related, allow the monitoring of the migratory species between deep-sea fishing areas managed by the relevant Regional Fisheries Organizations and the Exclusive Economic Zones of third countries.
In the Pacific, three Fisheries Agreements with third countries have been concluded, namely Solomon Islands, Kiribati and Federated States of Micronesia, with Portugal having access rights only to surface longliners under the agreement with Kiribati (under negotiation).