Safe Manning (Articles 68, 69, 70 and 71 of Decree-Law No. 280/2001 of 23th October)
Safe manning is defined as the minimum number of crew fixed for each ship, with the aim of ensuring the safety of navigation, ship, persons on board, loads and catches and protection of the marine environment.
The ships may not sail without having on board the crew constituting their safe manning and which is attached to the safe manning certificate, which shall also include the maximum number of persons who may be on board when the ship is travelling.
National ships, with the exception of those belonging to the Navy or to internal security forces and services and to other State bodies responsible for maritime surveillance, and recreational craft, are subject to the process of fixing the safe manning provided by this Decree-law (Decree-Law No. 280/2001 of 23rd October).
Competence for fixing of the capacity and Issuance of the Certificate
The DGRM is responsible for fixing of safe manning and issuing the certificates of the following ships:
a) Seagoing merchant ships, cabotage ships and national and international coastal ships
b) Tugboats and auxiliary vessels on the high seas and coastal areas
c) Fishing ships on the high seas and coastal areas
d) Ships with maritime-touristic activity on the high and coastal areas
e) Passenger ships of local traffic
f) Scientific, oceanic and coastal research ships.
It is also the duty of the DGRM to issue the provisional safe manning certificates of the ships flying EU country or of a third country flag intended to fly under the national flag.
The DGRM is also responsible for determining the safe manning of ships at the end of construction for the purposes of sea tests.
The local SAM body of the port of registry of the ships is responsible for fixing the safe manning and issuing the certificate of the ships not covered in the previous numbers.
The fixing of the safe manning and the issuance of the certificate of the ships operating in the transportation of passengers and goods between ports of each Autonomous Region is the responsibility of the respective regional bodies.
In fixing of safe manning, the instruments in force under the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the European Union (EU), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the Organization World Health Organization (WHO), should be taken into account in particular with regard to:
- Watch keeping
- Working Hours on Board or Regulatory and Conventional Hours of Rest
- Security Management
- Seafarers Certification
- Safety and Health at Work
- Crew accommodations.
In addition to the provisions of Decree-Law No. 280/2001 of 23rd October, the Principles established in IMO Resolution A.1047 (27) are applied.
Safe Manning Certificate
The safe manning certificate is the document proving the safe manning rate for a particular ship.
It is mandatory to have on board the safe manning certificate.
The Service Request and other information are available on the Online Services (See here).